A hernia is a relatively common condition that can affect the young, the elderly, men, and women.
Hernias are estimated to affect approximately 5% of the population at any given time in their lives. A hernia is a hole in the muscular wall of the abdomen.
The reasons why we develop hernias are often genetic and at times related to physical activity.
Most people that have developed hernias describe a bulge. Some complain of pain and many experience no symptoms. The bulge that is often associated with a hernia is actually some contents from inside the abdomen protruding through the hernia defect.
This is the most common type of hernia and occurs in the groin. It often presents after sudden heavy lifting or coughing or straining. One may notice a burning sensation or pressure in the groin associated with a bulge.
This bulge occurs low in the groin and is more common in females.
This is a defect that occurs through the belly button or umbilicus.
Ventral Incisional hernia
This presents as a bulge with or without discomfort in an area of a scar from a previous abdominal operation. Epigastric Hernia This usually presents as a small painful bulge in the midline between the umbilicus and the chest.
All of these hernias can cause discomfort or pain. They often get larger over time and all may incarcerate or strangulate.
Surgery is the only means of hernia repair.
Most hernia surgery can be performed on an outpatient basis, whether an open or laparoscopic procedure is used.
Hernia repair surgery usually involves implantation of a special mesh that functions as a secure patch over the opening in the abdominal wall.